#47: 送给香港的“生日礼物”

The Chinese government sees its newly-imposed National Security Law for Hong Kong as a "precious birthday gift" to the city on the anniversary of its return to China.

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“庆香港回归” (Image source)

昨天是7月1日,是香港回归中国的23周年,也是《香港国安法》开始实施的第一天。

回归 huí guī = to return to
周年 zhōu nián = anniversary
香港国安法 xiāng gǎng guó ān fǎ = the National Security Law imposed on Hong Kong
实施 shí shī = to implement


国务院港澳办副主任张晓明 (Zhang Xiaoming, Deputy Director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office of the State Council of China) 称,《香港国安法》是中国政府送给香港人民“一份特殊的生日礼物。”

特殊 tè shū = special


他相信,这份礼物在未来一定会显示出它“珍贵的价值”,香港会更安定、更繁荣。

未来 wèi lái = future
珍贵 zhēn guì = precious
价值 jià zhí = value
安定 ān dìng = stable
繁荣 fán róng = prosperous


很多中国网民表示,为香港能够收到这份“礼物”感到开心。

有人说:“这个生日礼物好,意义非凡。”

“祝福香港!祝福祖国!❤️❤️”

意义非凡 yì yì fēi fán = has special meaning
祝福 zhù fú = blessings / well wishes to
祖国 zǔ guó = motherland


什么是《香港国安法》?

“国家安全法” (Image source)

《香港国安法》列出四类危害国家安全的犯罪行为:

  1. 分裂国家 fēn liè guó jiā = separatism

  2. 颠覆政权 diān fù zhèng quán = subversion

  3. 恐怖活动 kǒng bù huó dòng = terrorism

  4. 勾结外国势力 gōu jié wài guó shì lì = collusion with foreign countries


犯罪者最高可判处无期徒刑。

犯罪 fàn zuì = to commit a crime
判处 pàn chǔ = to sentence
无期徒刑 wú qí tú xíng = life imprisonment


中国政府说,这只是为了打击极少数的犯罪分子。

打击 dǎ jí = to hit out against
犯罪分子 fàn zuì fēn zǐ = criminal


香港人“还是可以有不同的政见,包括反对政府的主张。”

政见 zhèng jiàn = political views
主张 zhǔ zhāng = viewpoint


但也有不少人认为,《香港国安法》里罪行的定义刻意模糊,这会限制人们的言论自由。

定义 dìng yì = definition
刻意 kè yì = deliberately
模糊 mó hú = vague
限制 xiàn zhì = to restrict
言论自由 yán lùn zì yóu = freedom of speech


香港人民和国际社会的反应

“反对国安恶法” (Image source)

《香港国安法》开始实施的第一天,有不少人上街抗议。

香港警方逮捕了370人,其中9人可能违法《香港国安法》,包括一名身上带着“香港独立”布条的抗议者。

抗议 kàng yì = to protest
逮捕 dài bǔ = to arrest
违法 wéi fǎ = illegal
独立 dú lì = independence


有不少香港民众担心,他们之前在网上发表的言论会对他们造成不利,纷纷上网删除。

不利 bù lì = disadvantage
纷纷 fēn fēn = one after another / in quick succession
删除 shān chú = to delete


西方国家表示,《香港国安法》直接威胁香港人民的民主与自由。

美国政府指出,中国违背了当初对香港的承诺,现今的香港已经不是“一国两制”,而是“一国一制”。

威胁 wēi xié = to threaten
民主 mín zhǔ = democracy
违背 wéi bèi = to violate / go against
承诺 chéng nuò = promise
一国两制 yī guó liǎng zhì = one country, two systems


想知道更多?请看:

《央视新闻》一份特殊的生日礼物:以国安法之名 定香港之安

《纽约时报》详解香港国安法:刑罚严厉,罪行定义模糊


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